Hysterectomy is the surgical procedure to remove woman’s uterus (womb).The uterus is a hollow organ where baby grows when woman is pregnant. Once hysterectomy is done, you will no longer be able to get pregnant.
Your health care provider might recommend you hysterectomy, if you have any of the following: * Cervical or uterine cancer * Uterine prolapsed (condition in which uterus drops into vagina due to weakened support muscles) * Endometriosis (the inner lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterine cavity) * Abnormal vaginal bleeding * Uterine fibroids
Total hysterectomy: During a total hysterectomy, the entire uterus including the cervix is removed.
Supracervical hysterectomy: During a supracervical hysterectomy, the main body of the uterus is removed, leaving the cervix in place.
Hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: In this type, uterus, fallopian tubes and cervix are removed.
Radical hysterectomy: Radical hysterectomy involves the removal of uterus, cervix, ovaries, and both fallopian tubes and nearby tissues.
There are 3 ways a hysterectomy can be performed, including:
During Laparoscopic hysterectomy (or minimally invasive hysterectomy) uterus is removed through very small incisions on the lower abdomen. It is performed using a tiny instrument called laparoscope, inserted through a small incision in the tummy. A laparoscope is a thin tube with high intensity light and a tiny video camera at the front that allows surgeon to see the internal organs. Other instruments are then inserted through another incision in abdomen or vagina to remove the uterus.
In Vaginal hysterectomy, the womb and cervix are removed through vagina. The incision is made in the top of vagina so there occur no visible scarring with this surgical approach. It is appropriate for conditions like uterine prolapse, endometrial hyperplasia and cervical dysplasia.
During an abdominal hysterectomy, uterus is removed through an incision in the lower abdomen. The incision may be vertical, from the navel to the pubic hairline or horizontal, made directly above the pubic hairline. This procedure takes about an hour. After the uterus is removed, incision is stitched up.
After your hysterectomy, you may need to stay in the hospital for a few days. You’ll be asked to walk around the hospital as it prevents blood clots in the legs. You’ll be given medications to relieve pain. Also, it is normal to have vaginal bleeding or brown discharge after surgery. Recovery time is often shorter with Vaginal or Laparoscopic surgery (around 3-4 weeks). Whereas, recovery time is little longer with abdominal hysterectomy (around 6-8 weeks).
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