Neurology & Neurosurgery - Introduction


Neurosurgery is a surgical procedure concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders. Neurological disorders are diseases of brain, nerves and spinal cord. It encompasses both operative and non- operative management of disorders of the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous system including their supporting structures and vascular supply. In other words, brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, neuromuscular junction, and muscles. It provides care for both adult and pediatric patients.

The signs of neurological disorders vary significantly, depending upon the area of body that is affected and the type of disorder. It can be diagnosed by a number of medical examinations like CT scan, ultrasound, EEG. If left untreated, it can result in a number of consequences.


A neurosurgeon is a medical doctor who specializes in operating on the brain and the nervous system. Common conditions managed by neurosurgeons include brain tumor, head injuries, tumors, fractures, intracranial aneurysms.

What causes a Neurological Disorder?

Neurological disorders can result from a number of causes including

  • Infections
  • Environmental factors
  • Genetics
  • Aging
  • Physical injuries
  • Nutrition related causes.


  • Epilepsy
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Craniotomy
  • Aneurysm
  • Parkinson’s disease

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