Paediatrics - Introduction

Pediatrics is a branch of medicine that deals with the health and medical care of infants, children and adolescents from birth up to age of 18. It focuses on the physical, emotional, and social health of infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. The aim of pediatrics is to reduce the rate of infants and children death. In order to keep your child healthy and protect them from diseases, proper vaccinations should be given at the right age.


Pediatricians are well-trained doctors who treat infants and children. Pediatricians are highly trained in detecting, preventing and managing issues that affect children. They are trained to take care of physical, mental and emotional well-being of the children at every stage of development from birth to adulthood in both sickness and health. They not only provide medical care for children who are ill but also preventive health services for healthy children.

Pediatricians are involved in so many critical aspects of child’s health and development. This might involve anything from minor injuries, acute and chronic health problems to physiological and psychological growth and developmental concerns.

What does a pediatrician do?

Pediatricians are responsible for examining, diagnosing and treating children with a wide variety of injuries and illnesses. They have a good understanding of the child health issues and give the best solution possible. They are also responsible for administering various immunizations that are available to protect children from diseases such as hepatitis B, diphtheria, mumps and measles. They guide children and their parents concerning diet, hygiene and disease prevention.

Sub specialties in pediatrics

Pediatrics is a field of collaborative specialties. Subspecialty in pediatrics includes:

  • Pediatric gastroenterology
  • Pediatric cardiology
  • Pediatric Neurology
  • Pediatric immunologist
  • Pediatric emergency medicine
  • Neonatal medicine

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