Psychology & Psychiatry - Introduction

Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior. The word psychology comes from Greek word psyche, which means breath or life. The study of psychology involves how humans think, feel, act, react, and interact. It helps people learn to cope more effectively with life issues, overcome addiction, and mental health problems.

Psychology is the study of mental processes, behavior, emotions and the thoughts. Through this study psychologists find ways to improve our understanding of the world around us. Gaining an understanding of psychology can help people achieve insights into their own actions as well as understanding of others.


A psychologist is someone who specializes in the treatment of mental health problem and human behavior. Psychologist use psychological knowledge and research to solve problems. They attempt to understand how the mind functions, how it responds to things and how it can be improved. They listen to patient’s problem and assess the situation as to how well the patient is functioning emotionally, mentally, and intellectually. The psychologist will then come up with thought processes that the patient can use in order to deal with their problems in more effective way.

Many people get psychiatrists and psychologists confused with each other. Psychiatrists and psychologists work together to help people with mental health condition, but they are not quite the same. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who performs psychotherapy and prescribes medications whereas psychologist can’t prescribe medication. You can consult psychiatrist for any psychiatric condition like depression, sleep problems, anxiety, sexual disorders, alcoholism, and drug addiction.

Psychology can be broadly described into following categories:

  • Clinical psychology
  • Developmental
  • Cognitive
  • Forensic
  • Occupational
  • Clinical

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