Ophthalmology - Introduction


Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of the diseases of eye. The very common eye problems are cataract, glaucoma and age related muscular degeneration (AMD). It is important to seek care from an eye doctor, if you are having any eye problem.


An ophthalmologist is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the eye. They are considered to be both surgical and medical specialists. They are trained to handle all the medical aspects of eye care, including surgery, eye exams, and prescription of medicine. They can also write prescriptions for eye glasses and contact lenses. How do they differ from optometrists and optician?


Optometrists are eye care professionals who provide primary vision care ranging from eye testing to the treatment and management of vision changes. They are trained to examine the eyes for visual defects, diagnose problems, and provide certain treatments. They can treat minor eye problems, but will refer you to an ophthalmologist for serious eye problems.


An optician is a health professional who design and dispense eyeglasses and contact lenses to correct eyesight through interpretation of written prescription by ophthalmologists or optometrists.

What conditions can ophthalmologists treat?

Ophthalmologist treats a variety of illnesses that affect the eye. This includes:

  • Amblyopia (lazy eye)
  • Cataracts
  • Vitrectomy
  • Ptosis
  • Lasik
  • Squint
  • Glaucoma

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