Orthopedics is the medical specialty that focuses on injuries and diseases of body’s musculoskeletal system. Surgeons who specialize in this field are called orthopaedists or orthopaedic surgeons. They treat a number of conditions that involves your bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves. These elements make up the musculoskeletal system.

The musculoskeletal system allows you to be active, move, work, play and function as human being. Musculoskeletal conditions and pain affect people at any time and any age. Orthopaedists care for patients of all ages from newborns with sclerosis to the older people with arthritis. Most orthopedic surgeons develop a subspecialty and these include- pediatric surgery, spinal surgery, trauma or sports medicine, certain areas like foot and ankle, spine, shoulder, elbow, hand.

What does an orthopedic surgeon treat?

Orthopedic surgeon focuses on the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of patient with skeletal deformities. They use medical as well as surgical methods.

Orthopedic surgeons treat a wide range of problems of the musculoskeletal system that involves:

  • Fractures and dislocation
  • Low back pain and sciatica
  • Arthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Bone tumors
  • Club foot, knock knees
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Sports injuries
  • Growth abnormalities


  • Hip replacement
  • Shoulder replacement
  • Knee replacement
  • Arthroscopy

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