Plastic Surgery - Introduction

Plastic Surgery

Plastic Surgery is a surgical specialty that involves the reconstruction of body flaws due to birth defects, burn, infection and trauma. The origin of the word plastic is derived from Greek word ‘plastikos’ which is translated to shape or mold something. The aim of plastic surgery is to restore the function to normal. It improves the patient’s appearance, self confidence through both reconstructive and cosmetic procedures.

There are two main kind of plastic surgery:

  • Reconstructive surgery- Reconstructive surgery is performed to restore function, appearance and deformities due to birth defects, burns, and trauma. For example cleft lip and palate, hand surgery, treatment of burns, infections and disease, and cancer or tumors.
  • Cosmetic surgery- It aims to improve the appearance. It is performed on normal parts of the body with the only purpose of improving a person’s appearance. The most common cosmetic surgeries are Rhinoplasty, Lip enhancement, Laser, and Genioplasty.

In plastic surgery, skin grafting is a very common procedure. The graft can be derived from the recipient or donor.

  • Autograft- A tissue is transplanted from one part to another part of same body.
  • Allograft- Allografts are taken from a donor of the same species.
  • Xenograft- Xenografts are taken from a donor of other species.

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