Pulmonology is a field of medicine that deals with the health of respiratory system. It focuses on prevention, diagnosis and treatment of condition that affect the lungs and respiratory tract. The human respiratory system includes Respiratory muscles (diaphragm and intercostal muscle), lungs and airways (mouth, nose, pharynx, larynx, and trachea).
Pulmonologist is a physician who is specifically trained in diseases and condition of the chest. He/she can treat a wide range of respiratory diseases and disorders. Whenever you experience wheezing, shortness of breath, persistent cough, unexplained weight loss you should contact pulmonologist.
Common diseases evaluated by pulmonologists include Asthma, COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), Emphysema, Bronchitis, Lung cancer, Pneumonia, and Tuberculosis. Pulmonologist can use number of exams and test to diagnose lung related diseases such as CT scan, pulmonary function test, bronchoscopy, and ultrasound.
Other common pulmonology areas include lung transplantation, sleep disordered breathing, and pulmonary vascular disease. To prevent lung diseases you should exercise and quit smoking. Treatment option includes oxygen therapy, medication therapy, and interventional bronchoscopy.
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