The prevalence of overweight and obese patients is increasing at an alarming rate, throughout the world. In general terms, obesity means high body fat. It is a disease where a person’s weight is in an unhealthy range. The more weight you carry, the more likely you are to develop obesity-related conditions. It is a major cause of a number of serious and potentially life- threatening diseases like heart disease, diabetes type2, and some cancers.
Body fat can be calculated using a Body Mass Index (BMI), which is a ratio of body weight and height. BMI ranging from 18.5 to 24.9 is considered healthy and if your BMI lies between 25 and 29.9, you are considered as overweight and those having a BMI above 30 are considered obese. A BMI of 40 or higher is considered “extreme” or “severe” obesity.
However, losing weight can reduce the risk of such serious health problems. Certain lifestyle changes can help in reducing the weight. The best way is to reduce the amount of calories you take on a daily basis and introduce more physical activities in your schedule. At times, when these changes fail to provide the desired results, bariatric surgery or weight loss surgery is indicated as the only choice of treatment.
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